Get to Know about Deep Vein Thrombosis

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS

Blood clotting is significant for our health. Also called coagulation, it prevents excessive bleeding when a blood vessel is injured. Whenever a blood vessel is injured platelets and proteins in our blood work together to form a clot over the injury and stop bleeding. According to vascular surgeons in Hyderabad, such a clot gets naturally dissolved after the injury is healed. However, in some cases, clots can form on the inside of the vessels that may or may not be due to an injury and may not dissolve naturally. Such clots can become dangerous which need medical attention.  One such condition is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a vascular condition that occurs due to blood clots formed in one or more of the deep veins in your body. It may show symptoms like swelling and pain or may not show any symptoms. This condition is usually seen in the legs but can occur in the thigh, pelvis, and arms as well. It can become serious, result in severe complications and can be life-threatening too if not treated on time. Consult the best vascular surgeon in Hyderabad if you have a doubt that you may be affected by deep vein thrombosis.

How to Identify If You Have Deep Vein Thrombosis?

To get appropriate medical help it is essential that you understand the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis. You should seek medical assistance from the best providers of vascular surgery in Hyderabad if you notice any of these symptoms –

  • Swelling
  • Pain or tenderness in the affected area
  • Throbbing pain usually in the calf or thigh if the affected area is leg
  • Warm skin around the affected area
  • Red/darkened skin around the affected area
  • Swollen veins that are hard or sore when touched

At times, DVT can become severe when blood clots in the veins break loose and travel through your bloodstream. In such an instance, there is a possibility that the clot gets stuck in your lungs leading to a condition called pulmonary embolism which can be life-threatening. You should seek immediate medical help for this condition which will show further symptoms of –

  • Breathlessness
  • Chest pain
  • Light-headedness or dizziness
  • Rapid pulse
  • Coughing-up blood

Causes and Risk Factors of Deep Vein Thrombosis:

DVT can be caused by anything that hampers your normal blood flow or natural blood clotting. Anything from an injury to your vein to surgery, from medications to limited movement can cause DVT.  You are more likely to get deep vein thrombosis if you –

  • Are inheriting a blood-clotting disorder
  • Have a family history of DVT or pulmonary embolism
  • Are above the age of 60 years
  • Are overweight
  • Smoke
  • Use contraceptive pills or hormone replacement therapy
  • Have heart-related ailments
  • Have cancer
  • Have other vascular conditions like varicose veins
  • Are immobile due to hospitalization or restricted to bed due to illness
  • Go on a long journey
  • Are pregnant or have had a baby in the last six weeks
  • Are dehydrated

Can Deep Vein Thrombosis Be Prevented and Treated?

Certainly yes! DVT can be prevented with a few simple measures and lifestyle changes –

  • Avoid sitting or standing still –
    • Stay active and walk around post-surgery or if you are on bed rest. Move your toes and ankles in upward and downward movements or in circles and avoid immobility if you have to stay in bed.
    • While sitting, don’t cross your legs.
    • If travelling long distances by car, stop every hour and walk around a little.
  • Make lifestyle changes –
    • Lose weight if you are overweight and maintain a healthy weight
    • Quit smoking/alcohol
    • Exercise regularly, this is especially important for those who have a sedentary lifestyle
    • Drink plenty of water and other fluids to avoid dehydration

An experienced vascular and endovascular surgeon can diagnose if you have deep vein thrombosis with physical examination and evaluation of your medical history along with your risk factors. Upon the need, your vascular expert may advise Doppler ultrasound, contrast venography and other diagnostic tests like MRI, CT scan, D-Dimer test, etc.  Asian Institute of Vascular Sciences, the provider of deep vein thrombosis treatment in Hyderabad, can effectively treat your DVT with an ideal blend of a few lifestyle changes, medications, and other suitable procedures which include leg elevation, use of compression stockings, anticoagulation, etc.  Consult the vascular experts at Asian Institute of Vascular Sciences at the earliest to avoid severe and life-threatening complications.

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